Ettercap is by far one of the most powerful Security Tools to perform Communication Interception on both Local and Wireless Networks.
A few days ago, Version 0.7.5 was released, introducing three new and exciting features:
1. SSL Password Interception. Captures user credentials from secure web portals such as Facebook, Yahoo, Hotmail and Gmail. This technique is based on the "Sslstrip" tool.
2. IPv6 Support. With this feature, we can now perform security tests over this network generation, giving us new and exciting Ethical Hacking opportunities.
3. NBNS Spoofing. Steals the identitiy of any network device or service, as long as it is based on Netbios name resolution. This attack is very useful on Windows Networks and Samba servers. It can also be used to attack other technologies such as SAN and NAS.
As Security Experts, we need to stay at the cutting edge of our field, testing new attack tools and their capabilities as soon as they become available.
Unfortunately, Ettercap's installation procedure is very poorly documented. Despite my amazing Google Powers, I have not found any useful Internet tutorial. To make things worse, even the great BackTrack distribution does not include the new version.
Furthermore, I really doubt we'll see the new version on Ubuntu's software repositories any time soon. Ettercap authors strongly recommend using "development" libraries, which are considered "unstable" for most production environments.
To solve the conundrum, I decided to write this tutorial, explaining a detailed installation procedure for Ettercap on Ubuntu 12.04. Of course, a rookie Hacker might say "I'll just install it on Windows! Problem solved!".
Well, if you are one of these rookies, I have bad news for you. Installing it on Windows is extremely easy. However, this platform does not support the new SSL attack!
So, with this Tutorial, I'm going to help you become one of the first Ethical Hackers in the whole Universe with the knowledge and power to use the new Ettercap awesome features.
1. Installing Dependencies. Ettercap requires a lot of software libraries not usually available on a standard Ubuntu system. To install them, just open a terminal and run the following commands:
apt-get install -y cmake cmake-curses-gui
apt-get install -y libgtk2.0-dev libnet1-dev flex build-essential
apt-get install -y linux-headers-`uname -r` libpcre3-dev libpcap0.8-dev openssl
apt-get install -y libssl-dev ncurses-bin libncurses5-dev libnet6-1.3-dev libpthread-stubs0-dev
apt-get install -y zlib1g-dev libltdl-dev pango-graphite pkg-config libpango1.0-dev
apt-get install -y libatk1.0-dev libgtk2.0-dev autoconf byacc
(To accelerate the installation, open this tutorial in your browser and just copy-paste the instructions on your terminal, instead of entering them manually).
2. Sslstrip support. This new feature requires a recent libcurl library version, not yet available in Ubuntu's repositories. So, we need to install it from source. Run the following commands:
tar xvfz curl-7.28.0.tar.gz
In this tutorial, I'm using /usr/src as destination folder, feel free to use whatever you want.
To make sure Ettercap finds the new library, open the /etc/ld.so.conf file. Add /usr/local/lib at the end. Save the file and run ldconfig to complete the installation.
2. IPv6 Support. This new feature requires a recent libnet library version, not yet available in Ubuntu's repositories. Again, we are going to install it from source. Go to http://sourceforge.net/projects/libnet-dev/ and download the libnet-1.1.6.tar.gz file to any folder. In this tutorial, I'm using /usr/src
Run the following commands from your terminal:
tar xvfz libnet-1.1.6.tar.gz
3. Ettercap Installation. Open http://sourceforge.net/projects/ettercap in your browser. Download ettercap-0-7.5.tar.gz to any folder.
In this tutorial, I use /hack/network/mitm (I install all my "Man in The Middle" attack tools in this folder, hence the name. Of course, you can choose any other folder).
Run the following commands in your terminal:
tar xvfz ettercap-0.7.5.tar.gz
You'll see the following screen:
Change the following fields, with the indicated values:
Press Enter after modifying each field, press "c" to return to configuration mode, and finally "g" to save the changes and exit. Finish Ettercap's installation by running the following commands:
1. Sslstrip capability requires root privileges to make some temporal changes to the local firewall. To grant them, open Ettercap's configuration file /etc/ettercap/etter.conf. Modify the text at line 17, so it reads ec_uid = 0.
2. Delete the # comment character from lines 171 and 172. These are firewall modifications required by Sslstrip, used only while Ettercap is running. Don't worry, they are just network traffic redirection instructions and do not jeopardize your firewall integrity in any way.
Save the etter.conf file.
Run the following command:
If everything works as expected, you'll see the following screen:
Congratulations! You are now one of the first and proud Ethical Hackers in the whole Universe to test the new and powerful Ettercap!
Now go have a drink... You know you deserve it.
© Javier Villanueva 2012 All rights reserved.